Gordon Brown under fire as impact of banking liberalisation revealed in developing world
Today, the World Development Movement warns that Gordon Brown's proposals at the G20 to salvage the global economy could be wrecked by contradictions between his tough talk on re-regulating the banking sector and the UK’s continued push for banking liberalisation in developing countries through European free trade deals.
The new report, 'Taking the credit’, reveals the extent of the negative consequences of the financial services liberalisation pushed on developing countries through EU free trade deals. These deals would lift restrictions on how multinational banks, like Barclays, HSBC, Santander operate in developing countries. The World Development Movement’s evidence shows such deals would mean that poor people and small businesses lose out on access to credit and other banking services.
Benedict Southworth, director of the World Development Movement said:
"On the one hand, Gordon Brown has developed a mantra of tough talk on the re-regulation of banks. On the other, together with other European leaders, he is aggressively pushing free trade deals which demand that developing countries follow a deregulated and liberalised banking model. That model has clearly and spectacularly failed here and has also failed poor people in the developing countries. This is a huge contradiction that threatens a positive outcome at the G20 – and undermines development in poorer countries.
"If Brown continues to push for these contradictory policies, he will find his credibility in tatters and risks being branded a hypocrite by those who have concerns over the unfair nature of proposed European and WTO trade deals."
The research for 'Taking the credit' was conducted by the World Development Movement and partner organisations based in Mexico and India.
Dharmendra Kumar, from India FDI Watch said:
"There are several problems with the current lending regime in India. One is that it is almost impossible to get a loan. The second is that the interest rates are frequently phenomenal and at predatory rates. The aggressive penetration of European banks is going to worsen the situation."
In Mexico, Adriana Labardini, director of Centro de Investigación del Consumo y el Consumidor said:
"It is heartbreaking to witness in the 21st century, a community of hard working, honest and productive Mexican women that have proven to be credit-worthy and committed entrepreneurs, being excluded by the commercial banks."
The report examines the consequences of the entry and presence of European banks in developing countries, including Mexico and India. It concludes that:
- foreign banks cherry-pick richer customers, which results in an overall decline in services and credit for poorer customers and smaller businesses
- foreign banks shift credit away from investment in productive activities such as agriculture or manufacturing which boosts local economic development
- hundreds of millions of people in developing countries lack access to affordable and sustainable banking services. Further financial services liberalisation through the World Trade Organisation or through Europe’s planned bilateral trade deals threatens to worsen this situation. This will set back the progress of local entrepreneurship that fuels economic development and raises the standard of living across developing countries
The World Development Movement calls for the UK to attend the G20 summit with progressive economic policies including commitments to:
- Overhaul and re-regulate the global financial system
- Remove financial services liberalisation from proposed bilateral and multilateral trade deals
- Re-think UK and European trade policy so that it supports rather than undermines sustainable development around the world
- Tackle financial exclusion in developing countries through policies which provide for the sustainable and affordable provision of financial services
- Increase transparency and oversight of financial services sector lobbying in the UK and Brussels
Notes to editors
Aside from the proposed trade deal at the World Trade Organisation, the EU is targeting 34 countries in Latin America, Asia and the Mediterranean region for bilateral or regional trade deals. These countries are home to 2.3 billion people, 920 million of whom live on less than US$2 a day.
The World Development Movement's report can be found here
The World Development Movement The World Development Movement campaigns to tackle the root causes of poverty. WDM believes that charity is not enough and aims to change the policies that keep the developing world poor. It is a democratic and politically independent organisation with 15,000 supporters and 70 local groups across the UK. For more information, go to www.wdm.org.uk
Centro de Investigación del Consumo y el Consumidor (CICC) is a Mexican non-profit organisation which carries out legal, economic, social and technology research on consumer and consumption issues affecting consumers in Mexico and abroad: www.alconsumidor.org
India FDI Watch is a campaign to protect retail democracy and to rein in the corporate rise in the retail sector of India by building awareness and facilitating grassroots action: www.indiafdiwatch.org
Press officer, World Development Movement
0207 820 4900/4913, 07711 875 345, Email: email@example.com